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Firefighting Standards - NFPA 160

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NFPA 160

Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience
NFPA 160 - Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience

This standard shall provide requirements for the protection of property, operators, performers, support personnel, and the viewing audiences where flame effects are used indoors or outdoors. The purpose of this standard shall be to provide minimum requirements to the operators and manufacturers for the safe operation of flame effects. 1.1.1* This standard shall apply to flame effects for entertainment, exhibition, demonstration, or simulation before an audience, including their design, fabrication, installation, testing, control, operation, and maintenance. 1.1.2 This standard shall apply to the following: (1) Use of indoor and outdoor flame effects before an audience (see 1.4.8, Flame Effect) (2) Design, fabrication, installation, testing, control, operation, and maintenance of equipment, materials, procedures, and systems used to produce flame effects (3) Rehearsal, videotaping, audiotaping, or filming of any television, radio, or movie production if such production is before an audience and includes the use of flame effects (4) Rehearsal of any production incorporating flame effects before an audience. 1.1.3 This standard shall not apply to the following: (1) Flame effects produced solely by pyrotechnic special effects devices (2)* Use of pyrotechnic special effects (3)* Storage of flammable solids, liquids, and gases (4) Manufacture, off-site storage, and transportation of materials and equipment used to produce flame effects (5) Use of flame effects in fire training Exception: Where there is an audience that is not part of the training, this standard shall apply. (6)* Manufacture, transportation, storage, sale, or use of model or high-power rocket motors (7) Traditional nontheatrical public display of flames such as the following: a. Use of lighted candles in restaurants or religious services b. Fireplaces in areas open to the public c. Restaurant cooking visible to the patrons d. Listed Group II flame effects (8) Use of consumer fireworks by the public (9) Use of motor vehicles in races or sanctioned competitive sporting events.

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