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Firefighting Standards - NFPA 497

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NFPA 497

Recommended Practice for the Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas
NFPA 497 - Recommended Practice for the Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas

1.1 Scope. 1.1.1 This recommended practice applies to those locations where flammable gases or vapors, flammable liquids, or combustible liquids are processed or handled; and where their release into the atmosphere could result in their ignition by electrical systems or equipment. 1.1.2 This recommended practice provides information on specific flammable gases and vapors, flammable liquids, and combustible liquids whose relevant combustion properties have been sufficiently identified to allow their classification into the groups established by NFPA 70, National Electrical Code (NEC), for proper selection of electrical equipment in hazardous (classified) locations. The tables of selected combustible materials contained in this document are not intended to be all-inclusive. 1.1.3 This recommended practice applies to chemical process areas. As used in this document, a chemical process area could be a large, integrated chemical process plant or it could be a part of such a plant. It could be a part of a manufacturing facility where flammable gases or vapors, flammable liquids, or combustible liquids are produced or used in chemical reactions, or are handled or used in certain unit operations such as mixing, filtration, coating, spraying, and distillation. 1.1.4 This recommended practice does not apply to situations that could involve catastrophic failure of or catastrophic discharge from process vessels, pipelines, tanks, or systems. 1.1.5 This recommended practice does not address the unique hazards associated with explosives, pyrotechnics, blasting agents, pyrophoric materials, or oxygen-enriched atmospheres that might be present.

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